The United States, together with its NATO allies, has staged its definitive withdrawal from Afghanistan in Bagram. On May 1, US forces began their process of withdrawing from Afghanistan, after twenty years fighting in what is so far the longest war in US history1.
The decision to leave Afghanistan was agreed in the historic agreement between the Taliban and the US, which was signed on February 29, 2019 in Doha, with the aim of finding a way to end the war in the Asian country2. La derrota obvia es un escenario que EEUU ha intentado evitar terminando la retirada el pasado 2 de Julio sin informar para evitar la repetición de las imagenes de huída desesperada de Saigón en 19753.
The new president of the United States has tried to pass off this withdrawal as an accomplished mission, but the truth is that when several reporters asked him about the War in Afghanistan last July, the president got angry and said that he was not going to talk any more about it, because those weren’t happy things4. The data sides with him: more than 200,000 deaths and a cost of more than 2 trillion dollars leaving behind a country that is still in a civil war5.
In addition to the usual collateral damage of the war (diseases, destruction of infrastructure, black market…), the truth is that the Taliban the US promised to expel in 2001 now control 80% of the country effectively, while there is a corrupt government in Kabul, characterized by little transparency and mistrust of the people it claims to represent6.
The future of Afghanistan is a tough struggle that will require all the efforts of the Afghan civil society. It is up to us, as Human Rights defenders, to prevent this and other massacres from happening again, advancing towards a global village committed to peace and social justice.
1 https://elpais.com/internacional/2021-07-02/estados-unidos-se-retira-de-bagram-su-base-mas-importante-en-afganistan.html 2 https://www.lavanguardia.com/internacional/20200229/473842565732/eeuu-paz-talibanes.html 3 https://www.abrilabril.pt/internacional/e-o-imperio-foge-pela-calada-da-noite 4 https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/07/19/20-years-of-u-s-occupation-was-brutal-in-afghanistan-and-so-will-be-the-exit/ 5 https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/figures/2021/human-and-budgetary-costs-date-us-war-afghanistan-2001-2021 6 https://www.abrilabril.pt/internacional/e-o-imperio-foge-pela-calada-da-noite
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